Kayven IV, 28th Margrave of Mazowsze. Nicknamed “The Raptor of Mazowsze” or “The Defender of The Faith” by his contemporaries both within and without The Margrave of Mazowsze. Kayven IV is both the current head of House Beemer and the 28th and reigning Margrave of Mazowsze. The head of an ancient royal house on the northernmost fringes of “The Civilized World” as defined by The Church of The New Gods in my fantasy setting, Kayven IV is regarded by many to be one of the shrewdest, if not most pragmatic statesmen of his age. In terms of his military reforms, Kayven Beemer’s application of both innovations in traditional infantry tactics like the pike square, as well as the novel technology of gunpowder in the form of the machlock firing mechanism and improvements in artillery design have come to define his armies as both the gold standard by which other kingdoms and empires model the quality and discipline of their infantry by, as well as the model army by which the application of the latest military tactics and technology is applied on the battlefield. Kayven Beemer has also strived to reform the cavalry arm of his armies by outsourcing traditional heavy cavalry in the form of knights armoured in suits of plate armour or coats of chainmail with the more lightly armoured, yet faster, more impetuous shock cavalry known as “Winged Hussars” to better help his growing professional army counter the antiquated, if not more lightly armed and armoured light cavalry armies indicative of The Caliphate of Khashabar’s military doctrine. He has also opened military service in both his cavalry formations and the rising officer corps of his growing professional army to the growing class of gentlemen, or land-owning commoners of non-noble birth. Both forms of military service have been, up to now, the exclusive privilege of the feudal, land-owning aristocracy, or those of noble birth. In terms of his civil, legislative, and fiscal policies, Kayven Beemer has done much to take legislative and executive power and autonomy out of the hands of feudal, aristocratic lords, and into the hands of a growing class of professional bureaucrats answerable only to the authority of the crown. Through a combination of armed force and diplomatic savvy, Kayven Beemer has managed to slowly replace the legislative and judicial autonomy of the myriad feudal law courts of the landed aristocracy by making huge swathes of his kingdom answerable to the jurisdiction of the new, “royal” law courts run by a growing corpus of professional bureaucrats and civil servants. As a fig leaf to the feudal privileges of the aristocracy, he has honoured many of the local customs within the administrative divisions of his royal law courts, as well as opening offices in his growing bureaucracy to the landed aristocracy, or those of noble birth, provided that they forfeit any noble titles and landed incomes in their possession while holding office granted by the crown. As part of his fiscal policies, Kayven IV has done much to promote commerce and industry within the Margraviate of Mazowsze by granting municipal authority to and subsidizing the commercial enterprises of the guilds, or trade unions of merchants, craftsmen, and professionals, by purchasing the metropolitan property of consecrated bishoprics and giving legal ownership of urban property to the guilds, in exchange for paying an annual income tax to the crown alongside any additional taxes raised for whatever project or interest the crown, or rather “royal authority” may have in mind. Kayven Beemer has also opened commissions for offices of municipal, or urban authority in the city councils of his growing civil bureaucracy to members the growing middle class of The Margraviate of Mazowse, regardless of whether they are rural gentlemen owning property in a metropolitan area, or the bourgeois merchants and professionals holding urban property and commercial assets as a member of a guild. The ownership of urban, or otherwise metropolitan lands and property, as well as representation and office in municipal councils, has been by tradition the exclusive right and privilege of the clergy of The Church of The New Gods, or the state religion of The Margraviate of Mazowsze. Where urban, or otherwise municipal authority was exclusively in the hands of priests, monks, and inquisitors ultimately answerable to the authority of a metropolitan bishop or abbot, who ruled the urban centres indirectly as part of a bisphoric or diocese; or the religious administrative divisions where the metropolitan cathedral or abbey held it’s religious services for the laity of the church, held legislative and judicial authority completely autonomous of royal, or otherwise secular jurisdiction, and produced “benifices” or clerical livelihoods made by renting land and property to the people living in both the urban and rural parts of the bisphoric or diocese. By granting lands, property, municipal offices to the growing middle class, did Kayven IV manage to establish secular, royal authority at the expense of the clergy of the new gods in the urban, municipal districts of his kingdom. To make amends with the clergy the new gods for limiting their fiscal, legislative, and executive powers and privileges in their own bisphorics and dioceses, Kayven IV agreed to legally enforce a mandatory church attendance policy for everyone living in the administrative district of a cathedral or abbey, thus securing the clergy’s income through “tithes” or payment by the laity for the religious services of the metropolitan clergy, as opposed to benefices raised by the church renting lands and property to people living on the administrative districts of their bisphoric or diocese, as well exempting members of the clergy of the new gods from both the annual income tax as well as any other taxes levied at royal decree, and giving the exclusive legal privilege to the investiture of new bishops and abbots to The Bishop of Olympia in The Empire of Mankind, known more commonly as “The Highfather.” Kayven Beemer’s policy of granting lands, property. municipal office to the growing middle class at the expense of the state clergy has not only increased his legislative and executive authority within the confines of his kingdom, but it has helped to secure him a steady source of income to fund both his growing professional army as well as the new civil bureaucracy working in his royal law courts and municipal councils, as well as provide more than adequate industries to equip and supply his armies with the latest weapons and technology. In addition to subsidizing the growing middle class at the expense of the nobility and clergy, Kayven Beemer’s fiscal policy also includes the revitalization of overseas trade. By using royal authority to create “charter companies,” or bodies of merchants and traders devoted to the acquisition of overseas profits in return for giving a share of their earnings to the crown, Kavyen IV has done much to stimulate overseas trade between The Margraviate of Mazowsze and foreign powers by delegating both legal proprietorship and political autonomy of trade fleets to his charter companies rather than maintaining them directly through the state bureaucracy itself. Although the charter companies could still petition for the crown’s financial support in return for both their politial autonomy from royal authority, as well as giving part of their profits as part of their charter with the crown. This illustration was made in part, as a gesture of goodwill towards my friend Kayven Beemer.