Category: 13th century

How did a cockatoo reach 13th century Sicily? …

How did a cockatoo reach 13th century Sicily? – Medievalists.net: undefined

historyisntboring: The monk who copied this “D…

historyisntboring:

The monk who copied this “Decretum” in northern Italy in the first half of the 13th century clearly had talent, but also liked to sketch strange little blue and red
creatures

in the margins.

Source:

Uta von Ballenstedt Margravine of Meissen …

Uta von Ballenstedt

Margravine of Meissen

Born c. 1000 — Died pre-1046

Uta was a member of the House of Ascania. Through her marriage to Margrave Eckard II, she was the Margravine of Meissen in Saxony, eastern Germany.

Presumably to promote the rise of the Ascanian dynasty, Uta’s father married her to Eckard II in about 1026. However, the marriage produced no children, resulting in the extinction of the Ekkeharding dynasty.

The couple contributed a significant amount to construct what would become the Naumburg Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul.

When the Cathedral was completed in the mid-13th century, the presiding bishop honoured the founders, Ekkehard, Uta and 10 other nobles by commissioning the anonymous ‘Naumburg Master’ to produce life-size painted statues of them to adorn the cathedral. The sculptures are remarkable as secular rather than biblical decorations for the cathedral, particularly as they depict nobles rather than kings or emperors. The depictions are now generally considered masterpieces of Gothic art.

In the 20th century, the statue of Uta was used by the Nazi’s as a prototype of the ideal Aryan woman, even appearing as an Aryan role model in Fritz Hippler’s propaganda film The Eternal Jew.

It is also believed that the statue inspired the depiction of the Evil Queen in Disney’s 1937 film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. You be the judge!

NB: the dates from when her image was used to depict a ‘Teutonic Madonna’ in various Nazi propaganda makes me wonder if that was why her likeness was used to represent an evil character in the Disney film. Just a thought!

fig. 27 – Queen Eadgyth and Otto I

frediethegreat-blog:

Statue thought to be Queen Eadgyth, great grand-daughter of Alfred, and her husband Otto I, Roman Emperor 936-973
1206
Magdeburg Cathedral
Magdeburg, Germany

fig. 51 – Edward the Elder

frediethegreat-blog:

Edward the Elder, King Alfred’s son and successor.
13th Century genealogical scroll

theancientwayoflife:~ Sirens. Culture: English…

theancientwayoflife:

~ Sirens.
Culture: English
Place of origin: England, Europe
Date: ca. 1250 – 1260
Medium: Pen-and-ink drawings tinted with body color and translucent washes on parchment.

ancientorigins:

ancientorigins:

13th Century Crusader, located on the Isle of Skye in Scotland.

historyisntboring: Panthers and leopards in m…

historyisntboring:

Panthers and leopards in medieval bestiaries

The main point of medieval bestiaries wasn’t realism, especially because most of the people illustrating them had never seen most of the exotic animals depicted on the pages – but each animal still needed to be
instantly identifiable. Because of that, visual codes were developped for each animal.

In most bestiaries, panthers and leopards have many colors (usually seven, frequently considered a perfect number at the time in Europe), sometimes in dots, sometimes in patches or in stripes. Usually, the breath of the animal is also coloured, because it is supposed to attract all animals (except its enemy the dragon, because the panther was seen as a Christ-like figure at the time), as seen on image 2 and 3.

Sources:

  • Bestiaires du Moyen Âge (Michel Pastoureau)

  • Image 1: Richard de Fournival’s Bestiaire d’amour: France (Paris), 13th-14th century. Bibliothèque Nationale de France

  • Image 2: British Library, Harley MS 3244, Folio 37r. Panther

  • Image 3: Rochester Bestiary, c. 1225-1250

A relief depicting Danish King Valdemar II Vic…

A relief depicting Danish King Valdemar II Victorious (1170-1241) and his wife Berengaria of Portugal

* Ribe Cathedral, Jylland

Source: By Orf3us (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Battle of Lindanise – Dannebrog falls from the…

Battle of Lindanise – Dannebrog falls from the sky

In 1219 Danish King Valdemar II led a crusading fleet to Estonia.His army met Estonian forces at Lindanise – present day Tallinn – and defeated them after a hard fight. According to legend Danish flag, Dannebrog, fell from the sky during a difficult moment of the battle and this gave crusaders new hope.

(C.A. Lorentzen’s painting, 1809)